Items tagged with TB programs
These policy guidelines contain recommendations for how to manage mono resistant, poly resistant, multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensive drug-resistant (XDR) tuberculosis patients in South Africa. The document focuses on the clinical management, referral mechanisms and models of care. It covers how to ensure comprehensive management of patients through psycho-social support as well as strategies for infection prevention and control in occupational health services for health care workers.
Botswana TB/HIV Policy Guidelines (document)
This strategic framework marries formerly separate mandates for HIV and TB management in to one, comprehensive collaboration. It provides a structure for how to: strengthen the health care system to respond effectively to both epidemics, reduce the burden of HIV/AIDS in TB patients, and establish a monitoring and evaluation system for the collaborative activities. Activities include: improving TB infection control in health care and other settings, enhancing TB/HIV diagnostic capacity, and harmonize data collection tools and local, national and international TB/HIV indicators.
These guidelines and manual lay out Swaziland's 5 year plan to combat the escalating drug resistant TB problem by incorporating a short-term plan in to the National TB Control Programme. Highlighted activities include: increasing TB case detection and treatment success rates with expanded DOTS coverage at national and lower levels; reducing the combined TB patient default and transfer out rates, and strengthening basic TB care and ensuring prompt diagnosis and treatment of drug resistant cases to cure existing cases and prevent further transmission.
This policy document responds to a demand from service providers and other partners for guidance on how to implement TB/HIV collaborative activities. It is complementary to and synergistic with the established core activities of tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS prevention and control programmes. The policy objectives include: establishing the mechanisms for sharing information and collaboration in planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS programmes at all levels of health services; to screen all HIV patients for TB and provide preventive and curative care for those with latent and active TB respectively and to provide HIV screening to all TB patients and comprehensive HIV care services to those co-infected with HIV.
The main aim of these guidelines is to enable the central units of national TB and HIV/AIDS programmes to support districts to plan, coordinate and implement collaborative TB/HIV activities. These guidelines reinforce current medical understanding, that highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) has decreased TB incidence of people living with HIV/AIDS. They are comprehensive, giving an overview of the range of activities that could be undertaken in high burden TB/HIV countries or where a rising prevalence of HIV might fuel TB. Activities highlight the need for comprehensive care, prevention and support for adults living with HIV/AIDS. Comprehensive TB and HIV care and prevention rely on full implementation of the DOTS strategy as part of a wide ranging HIV/AIDS care and prevention programme as well as collaborative TB and HIV programme activities.
The purpose of this handbook is to bring together in summarized form the issues, recommended strategies and political measures involved in addressing each of the components of the STOP TB Strategy. It outlines the range of activities to be addressed by national TB control programmes and the recommended approaches to implementation of the Strategy. An adequate strategy for the control of TB globally requires a comprehensive approach to address all the main constraints to control the disease, including emerging challenges, in addition to the main factors influencing the TB incidence such as socioeconomic and environmental factors.
Ukraine has the second-highest burden of tuberculosis in the WHO European Region. In 2010, the Minister of Health asked WHO to review the National Tuberculosis Programme, and make recommendations that could be used to help develop the Programme plan for 2012-2016. The reviewers found a range of problems. The report of the review includes 14 recommendations made to the Government, the Ministry of Health and its partners.
This framework is a guide for European countries to aid in developing their national plan for reducing TB/HIV morbidity and mortality. It builds on strategies developed globally and in Europe for tuberculosis control and for HIV/AIDS prevention and care. It identifies five strategic components (political commitment, collaborative prevention, intensified case-finding, coordinated treatment, strengthened surveillance) and eight key operations (central coordination, policy development, surveillance, training, supply management, service delivery health promotion, research).
Guidance for national tuberculosis and HIV programmes on the management of tuberculosis in HIV-infected children: Recommendations for a public health approach (document)
This guidance document produced by The Union and in partnership with WHO was developed to assist health care workers of national TB and HIV control programs in resource-limited settings in preventing, diagnosing and treating TB in HIV-infected children. Topics covered in the document, as laid out by the Union, include: epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, special circumstances, prevention, supportive services, infection control and management issues.
The 6th edition of the Orange Guide builds on past editions and addresses current challenges such as HIV co-infection and drug-resistant TB. It provides practical guidance and revisits the recommended treatment regimes.
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