Items tagged with Prevention

Implementing the WHO Stop TB Strategy: Handbook for National TB Control Programmes (document)

The purpose of this handbook is to bring together in summarized form the issues, recommended strategies and political measures involved in addressing each of the components of the STOP TB Strategy. It outlines the range of activities to be addressed by national TB control programmes and the recommended approaches to implementation of the Strategy. An adequate strategy for the control of TB globally requires a comprehensive approach to address all the main constraints to control the disease, including emerging challenges, in addition to the main factors influencing the TB incidence such as socioeconomic and environmental factors.

Guidelines for the Prevention of Tuberculosis in Health Care Facilities in Resource-limited Settings (document)

These guidelines are designed for settings with limited resources to provide inexpensive and effective control strategies for prevention of TB transmission in health care workers (HCW). They serve not only to prevent patient-to-HCW transmission, but also to prevent patient-to-patient transmission. Recommendations focus on the district and referral level health care facilities and are based upon three levels of infection control: administrative, environmental, and personal respiratory protection. Activities at the referral and district level include development of an Infection Control Plan, HCW training, patient education, sputum collection, and triage.

Natural Ventilation for Infection Control in Health-Care Settings (document)

In this guideline, natural ventilation is considered 
among one the effective measures to control infections in health care. This guideline provides 
a design and operation guide for hospital planners, engineers, architects and infection control 
personnel. The recommendations in this guideline followed a systematic 
review of the literature on the association of ventilation and disease transmission, as well 
as effective natural ventilation solutions for infection control.

Infection prevention and control of epidemic- and pandemic-prone acute respiratory diseases in health care — WHO interim guidelines (document)

These guidelines provide recommendations for the non-pharmacological aspects of infection prevention and control for acute respiratory diseases (ARD) in health care. Administrative and infection controls, including early detection, isolation and reporting, and establishment of infection control infrastructure, are key components for containment and mitigation of the impact of pathogens that may constitute a major public health threat. In these guidelines, the options of using natural ventilation and/or exhaust fan assisted ventilation in health-care facilities (HCF) are considered.

The Global Plan to Stop TB (document)

The Global Plan to Stop TB 2011-2015 retains the full spirit of its predecessor, Global Plan to Stop TB 2006-2015, while providing a clearer blueprint for action, setting out what needs to be done to achieve the 2015 targets set within the context of the MDGs and by the Stop TB Partnership. It takes in to account significant policy changes and costs to antiretroviral therapy, updates to the MDR-TB component of the plan, updates to estimates of epidemiological burden and trends, the importance of giving a higher profile to laboratory strengthening and the necessity to address the full spectrum of research.

Plan to Combat Extensively Drug-Resistance Tuberculosis: Recommendations of the Federal Task Force (document)

The guidelines outlined in this report are closely aligned with WHO's seven-point Global Action Plan to Combat XDR-TB. Seven response actions were highlighted such as: conducting rapid surveys, rapid drug sensitivity testing and taking infection-control precautions.

Guidelines for Preventing the Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Healthcare Settings (document)

This report updates TB control recommendations reflecting shifts in the epidemiology of TB, advances in scientific understanding, and changes in health-care practice that have occurred in the United States during the preceding decade. The new guidelines have been expanded to address a broader concept of healthcare-associated settings which go beyond the previously defined facilities.

Review of the National Tuberculosis Programme in Ukraine (document)

Ukraine has the second-highest burden of tuberculosis in the WHO European Region. In 2010, the Minister of Health asked WHO to review the National Tuberculosis Programme, and make recommendations that could be used to help develop the Programme plan for 2012-2016. The reviewers found a range of problems. The report of the review includes 14 recommendations made to the Government, the Ministry of Health and its partners.

European framework to decrease the burden of TB/HIV (document)

This framework is a guide for European countries to aid in developing their national plan for reducing TB/HIV morbidity and mortality. It builds on strategies developed globally and in Europe for tuberculosis control and for HIV/AIDS prevention and care. It identifies five strategic components (political commitment, collaborative prevention, intensified case-finding, coordinated treatment, strengthened surveillance) and eight key operations (central coordination, policy development, surveillance, training, supply management, service delivery health promotion, research).

Prevention and Control of Tuberculosis in Correctional and Detention Facilities: Recommendations from CDC (document)

This document lays out general guidelines for effective prevention and control of TB in jails, prisons, and other correctional and detention facilities. Strategies for TB-prevention and -control in correctional facilities highlight the importance of early identification of TB through patient entry and periodic follow-up screening; successful treatment of TB disease and latent TB infection; appropriate use of airborne precautions (e.g., airborne infection isolation, environmental controls, and respiratory protection); comprehensive discharge planning; and thorough and efficient contact investigation.

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