Items tagged with Pediatrics

Guidance for national tuberculosis and HIV programmes on the management of tuberculosis in HIV-infected children: Recommendations for a public health approach (document)

This guidance document produced by The Union and in partnership with WHO was developed to assist health care workers of national TB and HIV control programs in resource-limited settings in preventing, diagnosing and treating TB in HIV-infected children. Topics covered in the document, as laid out by the Union, include: epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, special circumstances, prevention, supportive services, infection control and management issues.

Guidance for national tuberculosis programmes on the management of tuberculosis in children (document)

The strategy document aims to redress the chronic neglect of childhood TB. This document complements existing national and international guidelines and standards for managing TB. It fills the gaps in the existing materials and provides current recommendations based on the best available evidence. This document reflects two important recent policy changes: (1) NTPs should record and report two age groups for children (0–4 years and 5–14 years) using the quarterly reporting form and (2)the revised recommended dose of ethambutol is now 20 mg/kg (range 15–25 mg/kg) daily.

Guidelines for initiating a school-based directly observed therapy program (document)

This guideline document describes the advantages of having a school based DOTS program and how to go about setting up one. It addresses how to follow-up during the course of treatment and offers recommendations for potential adherence problems.

Desk-guide for diagnosis and management of TB in children (document)

This desk guide, based on NTP and WHO childhood TB and HIV case management guidelines, aims to improve: early an accurate case detection, management and outcome of children with TB and child contact screening. It focuses on: diagnosis of common forms of TB in children, how to treat, when to refer and management of children who are close contacts of TB cases.

Management of patients with multidrug-resistant/extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis in Europe: a TBnet consensus statement (document)

The document summarises the current knowledge on the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of adults and children with MDR/XDR-TB and their contacts, and provides expert consensus recommendations on questions where scientific evidence is still lacking.

Guidelines for the management of tuberculosis in children (document)

The guidelines outline care and treatment for children with tuberculosis (TB) in South Africa, include better guidance on dosing children with TB in the absence of widely available paediatric formulations including changes to the recommended doses for some drugs and sections on TB diagnosis in HIV-infected children, TB preventative treatment and nutritional support.

Publication: A framework for integrating childhood tuberculosis into community-based health care (post with simple image)

The document outlines community-based strategies for integrating childhood TB activities with other maternal and child health care services through existing diagnosis and management algorithms.

CAfGEN receives $3 million grant to study progression of TB and HIV (post with simple image)

The Consortium for African Genomics Network (CAfGEN), made up of University of Botswana, Makerere University, Baylor College of Medicine, Baylor Uganda Children’s Foundation and the Botswana-Baylor Children’s Clinical Centre of Excellence, has been awarded a $3.0 million three-year grant from the National Institutes of Health of the United States of America to study the genetic factors that affect the progression of TB and HIV in sub-Saharan Africa.

The Lancet journals: World TB Day media alert (post with simple image)

For World TB Day 2014, The Lancet group publishes a Series of papers to highlight the need for global collaboration to diagnose, treat, and cure people with tuberculosis.

TB Alliance launches web portal for childhood tuberculosis (post with simple image)

An initiative to improve pediatric TB treatment with the goal of ensuring all children with TB receive appropriate treatment.

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