Brief news reports on Tuberculosis

NAM: HATIP newsletter 2012

HIV & AIDS treatment in practice (HATIP) is a regular email newsletter for healthcare workers and community-based organisations on HIV treatment in resource-limited settings.

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Improving African justice systems essential to prevent spread of HIV and TB in prisons

In order to reduce HIV and TB in African prisons, African governments and international health donors should fund criminal justice reforms, experts from Human Rights Watch say in this week's PLoS Medicine.

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Key advocates set agenda for building network of TB-affected community reps

4 May 2012 – Geneva - Thirty advocates from a dozen countries gathered in Geneva this week. There were a number of familiar personalities – women and men who have been raising their voices on behalf of TB-affected communities for years. But there were also several fresh faces – community activists devoted to the cause of HIV who were new to TB advocacy.

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Ministers endorse declaration set to pave the way to zero TB deaths among miners in Southern Africa

Ministers of Health and Labour from the 15 Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries have endorsed a declaration on tuberculosis (TB) in the mining sector that is designed to drive a regional response to the issue.

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WHO TB diagnostics may prevent more deaths than standard of care

World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended strategies for diagnosing tuberculosis would prevent more deaths than the standard approach now used in most parts of sub-Saharan Africa, according to results of a cost-effectiveness analysis of people starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). One of the WHO strategies cost less than the current approach.

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Biosignatures distinguish between tuberculosis and sarcoidosis

With a range of diseases, doctors need unique features which they can use to unequivocally identify a patient's illness for an appropriate diagnosis. Scientists therefore search for the biomarkers for an illness or a combination of biomarkers, known as biosignatures, which are as easy as possible to measure. Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology in Berlin have now created complete gene and microRNA expression profiles together with important inflammatory mediators in the blood of tuberculosis and sarcoidosis patients. Although they have identified a signature that distinguishes healthy individuals from patients, the biosignatures of both diseases are nevertheless very similar. It is almost impossible, therefore, to distinguish between tuberculosis and sarcoidosis with just a single signature. A set of different biosignatures is better suited for distinguishing in a first step between diseased and healthy individuals and, in a further step, between the specific diseases.

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India: Finally, tuberculosis declared a notifiable disease

NEW DELHI: India has finally declared tuberculosis (TB) a notifiable disease. The announcement signifies that with immediate effect, all private doctors, caregivers and clinics treating a patient suffering from TB will have to report every single case of the air-borne disease to the government.

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A patent way to get cheaper drugs for poor nations

Amid a growing crisis in financing treatments for AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria in the developing world, an arm of the World Health Organization will meet in Geneva later this month to consider alternative ways of producing lower-cost drugs, vaccines and diagnostic tools to fight the those diseases in poor countries.

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Zimbabwe: Beware of ARV, TB drugs side effects

When a patient is commenced on ARVs one expects to get better. What happens when one's immune system is compromised is that all infectious diseases find a fertile playground in his/her body.

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